Classicism (фр.classicisme, from lat.classicus -
exemplary - art style and an esthetic direction in the European art XVII—XIX
centuries At the heart of classicism lie ideas of rationalism which were formed
simultaneously with those in Descartes's philosophy. The work of art, from the
point of view of classicism, should be under construction on the basis of strict
canons, thereby finding out symmetry and logicality of the universe. Many rules
and canons classicism takes from ancient art (Aristotle, Goratsy). Architectural
language of classicism has been formulated on Renaissance outcome by great
Venetian master Palladio and its follower Skamotstsi. The reference to forms
antique зодчестваа as to the standard of harmony, simplicity, severity, logic
clearness and monumentalism, a regularity of a lay-out and clearness of the
volume form was the main line of architecture. The warrant, in proportions and
forms close to antiquity became a basis of architectural language of classicism.
For classicism is symmetric-axial compositions, restraint of decorative
furniture, regular system of a lay-out of cities are peculiar.
In Belarus the given style has widely extended thanks to a regular reorganization of cities in the end of XVIII century Especially was fell in love in farmstead building.